What is Periodontics?
The definition of periodontics follows as a branch of dentistry that concentrates on diseases of the supporting and surrounding structures of the teeth including the gums, cementum, periodontal membranes and alveolar bone. This definition of gum periododontics also applies to the alternative terms, periodontia and periodontology.
One of nine dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association, Periodontics is chiefly considered the study of periodontal disease, or gum disease, its causes, symptoms and treatment. Periodontal disease is specifically the chronic, bacterial infection of the gums which surround teeth. Left untreated, gingivitis (mild periodontal disease) may become advanced gum disease resulting in tooth and jaw bone loss.
Early stages of periodontitis (periodontal disease) involve inflammation of the gums, a condition known as gingivitis not to be confused with full blown periodontitis in which bone loss occurs around the teeth.