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Causes of Gum Disease

Causes of Gum Disease

Periodontal disease, including early periodontal gingivitis and advanced gum disease periodontitis, is principally caused by bacterial plaque, a viscous, colorless film that continually forms on the surface of your teeth and gum lines.

Other gum disease causes include:

  • Smoking
  • Genetics
  • Pregnancy
  • Medication
  • Stress
  • Poor dental hygiene and abnormal oral habits (clenching and grinding teeth)
  • Diabetes
  • Poor nutrition