When you suffer from periodontal disease, your supporting bone and gum tissue around your teeth become destroyed, forming pockets around your teeth which gradually increase and house bacteria that in turn grow and push under gum tissue, resulting in jaw bone loss and eventual tooth loss.
If your periodontist measures your gum pockets and finds them so deep as to be beyond the reach of daily at-home oral hygiene regimens, he may suggest a pocket reduction procedure. During this gum disease surgery procedure, the periodontist will fold back the gum tissue and remove the bacteria before reattaching the tissue. Some cases require the periodontist to smooth abnormal surfaces of damaged teeth and jaw bone before securing the gum tissue.
Reducing gum pocket depth and eradicating embedded bacteria are integral in preventing future damage caused by the unchecked progression of periodontal gum disease.